This page report, classified Secret, was drafted in July as a comprehensive guide for training interrogators in the art of obtaining. during the opening or reconnaissance phases of the interrogation. KUBARK Manual: A User’s Guide to Torture? – The KUBARK manual was written by the CIA in the s as a means of standardizing interrogation techniques.

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Defectors can usually be interrogated unilaterally, at least for a time. In either event, he is unlikely countreintelligence cause serious trouble in the future. Only when these have been established and understood does it become possible to plan realistically.

Interrogations conducted under compulsion or duress are especially likely to involve illegality and to entail damaging consequences for KUBARK. Anxious, self-centered interrogatees who are withholding significant facts, such as contact with a hostile service, are likelier to divulge if made to feel that the truth will not be used to harm them and if the interrogator also stresses the callousness and stupidity of the adversary in sending so valiant a person upon so ill-prepared a mission.

Counterintelpigence Baltimore Sun ]. An interrogation is not merely a verbal performance; it is a vocal performance, and the voice projects tension, fear, a dislike of certain topics, and other useful pieces of information.

Through experience the interrogator becomes adept in this dualism. The capacity for resistance is diminished by disorientation. The labor of extracting the truth from unwilling interrogatees should be undertaken only if the same information is not more easily obtainable counterintellligence or if operational considerations require self-incrimination.

In either event he seeks constantly some proof or external indication that the guilt of others is greater than his own. As a rule, the best way for the interrogator to keep the relationship on an even keel is to maintain the same quiet, relaxed, and open-minded attitude from start to finish.

The two manuals were completely declassified and released to the public in Mayand are now available online.


Inexperienced interrogators find that listening to the interrogation while it is in progress can be highly educational. He may be a stunt flier or circus performer who “proves” himself before crowds. The interrogator should reserve his fire-power until he knows what he is up against.

CIA, KUBARK Counterintelligence Interrogation Manual

Southern Command advised governments in Latin America that the manuals contained passages that did not represent U.

Some people cannot bring themselves to provide information that puts them in an unfavorable light until, through a lengthy prefatory rationalization, they feel that they have set the manaul that the interrogator will now understand why they acted as they did. His voice grows louder and angrier. Would you care to tell me your side of the story?

If he makes exorbitant requests, an unimportant favor may provide a satisfactory substitute because the demand arises not from a specific need but as an kugark of the subject’s need for security. Less well known is the trick of planting two informants in the cell.

Usually the orderly-obstinate character has a history of active rebellion in childhood, of persistently doing the exact opposite of what he is told to do. During the opening phase the interrogator has gone along with this protective mechanism.

The colors of walls, ceiling, rugs, and mxnual should not be startling. Usually topics popping up in the course of an interrogation are forgotten if not noted; they tend to disrupt the interrogation plan if covered by way of digression on the spot.

KUBARK Counterintelligence Interrogation – Wikisource, the free online library

Retrieved from ” https: Experiencing relief and exhilaration, the subject will usually find it impossible not to respond to innocuous comments on the weather and the flowers. The legality of detaining and questioning a person, and of the methods employed, [approx.

A counterintelligence interrogation consists of four parts: As was pointed out earlier, KUBARK’s lack of executive authority abroad and its operational need for facelessness make it peculiarly vulnerable counterintelligencce attack in the courts or the press. It used electrical currents to inflict pain [source: Therefore it is wrong to open a counterintelligence interrogation experimentally, intending to abandon unfruitful approaches one by one until a sound method is discovered by chance.

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Is there a torture manual?

Although these methods appear here in an approximate order of increasing pressure, it should not be inferred that each is to be tried until the key fits the lock. The short-range purpose is to enlist his cooperation toward this end or, if he is resistant, to destroy his capacity for resistance and replace it with a cooperative attitude. Moreover, his reactions to the world around him are more dependent upon events in that world and less the product of rigid, subjective patterns than is true of the other types discussed.

The long-range purpose of CI interrogation is to get from the source all the useful counterintelligence information that he has.

Except within the Communist frame of reference, they have paid less attention to the creation of internal controls — i. Some security services, especially those of the Sino-Soviet Bloc, may work at leisure, depending upon time as well as their own methods to melt recalcitrance. These preliminary tests are designed to supplement the technical counterintelliigence of a walk-in’s documents, substantive questions about claimed homeland or occupation, and other standard inquiries.

TRANSCEND MEDIA SERVICE ยป CIA, KUBARK Counterintelligence Interrogation Manual

The purpose, then, is not to teach the counrerintelligence how to manyal a good interrogator but rather to tell him what he must learn in order to become a good interrogator. During the next interrogation session with the source, a part of the taped denunciation can be played back to him if necessary.

Planning for interrogation is more important than the specifics of the plan. The major routine considerations are the following:.

A guard and a stenographer remain in the outer office with the interrogatee. Another man appears and enters the inner office.