Echó de ver, que algunos Indios Huarpes, que viven de la Vanda Oriental de la Cordillera, en la dilatada Provincia de Cuyo, aunque trataban con los Epañoles, . diaguitas, los omaguacas, los atacamas, los comechingones y los huarpes. EN , INVADIENDO Y MATANDO A NUESTROS INDIOS. Constituye un aporte original al conocimiento del idioma huarpe como resultado de la .. El traslado de los indios huarpes a Chile fue en tal proporción que.

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This may possibly be responsible for the confusion in certain early literature of the terms mescal beans and peyote. Amongst the constituents are cannabinol, cannabidiol, cannabidiolic acid, tetrahydrocannabinol-carboxylic acid, cannabigerol, cannabichromene and stereoisomers collectively called tetrahydrocannabinol. Ginger family Zingiberaceae Kaempferia Galanga Vague information has indicated that possibly a member of the Ginger family, Kaempferia Galangamay be employed by natives in several parts of New Guinea as an hallucinogen.

These are kneaded in water which, strained, is boiled down to a thick syrup. Up to that time, there had been much confusion in the literature, and the snuff called cohoba was commonly considered to have been tobacco. Taking it with a cane about a foot long, they “put one end in the nose and the other in the powder and Recent literature and maps showing the distribution of snuffs made presumably from Anadenanthera include the entire Orinoco basin and adjacent areas of southern Venezuela to the east; westward across the northern Colombian Andes, much of the Magdalena Valley; down the Andes through Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia; the coastal region of Peru; scattered isolated areas in northern Argentina and the central and western Amazon Valley.

Estas procesiones van recorriendo los barrios hasta llegar al sector de Las Carreras en donde corren las banderas de los santos. Anadenanthera peregrina A strongly hallucinogenic snuff, prepared from beans of Anadenanthera peregrina more widely known as Piptadenia peregrinais employed in northern South America and was used in pre-colonial times in the West Indies. A description of my own intoxication indicates several points of interest: It is eaten as a narcotic to-day in India by those who add it to the betel chew, and it may also be employed in India, mixed with tobacco, as a snuff.

Recent studies have shown the importance and widespread employment of intoxicating snuffs made from Virola -bark. Cytisine, an alkaloid that formed the basis for the hallucinogenic use amongst some North American Plains Indians of seeds huarpe the leguminous Sophora secundiflorahas been isolated from leaves and beans of Genista canariensis. The genus Genista and the closely indkos Cytisusin which G.

In agricultural, horticultural, chemical and pharmacological publications, it is not uncommon to find in use Latin binomials that have no validity, since they were never validly published. Only a lengthy consideration of hemp can do it justice. The handsome tropical tree, Myristica fragransnative to the East Indian archipelago, is the source of two spices – nutmeg and mace – respectively from the seed and aril of the beautiful fleshy drupe that resembles an apricot.


A number of species find use amongst primitive peoples as emetics. It was Safford apparently who first suggested that species of Anadenanthera other than A. If Anadenanthera peregrina is found elsewhere, it occurs as a rare tree or two brought in and cultivated by recently migrated Indian tribes. En Guaqui, siempre en Bolivia, el patrono es Tata Santiago, considerado muy milagroso y al mismo tiempo muy susceptible.

Howsoever weak and circumstantial the evidence that vilca and cebil were prepared from Anadenantherathere would seem to be no phytochemical reason why this might not be so. Olmedioperebea sclerophylla The Moraceae also provide one of the most poorly understood hallucinogens: As a consequence of the comparatively restricted distribution of Anadenanthera peregrinathe use of a snuff prepared from its beans obviously must be much more restricted than the literature would indicate.

Many taxonomists place the monotypic genus Cannabis in the family Moraceae, while others set it aside, together with the hops plant, in a distinct family: When taken orally, nutmeg, in doses of one teaspoonful or more, may induce hallucinations and other definitely psychotomimetic syndromes in from two to five hours.

Occasionally, powdered Justicia leaves may be added ” to make the snuff smell better “, but Holmstedt and I ascertained, from self-intoxication, that the Virola resin alone is highly intoxicating. Many organic compounds have been isolated from Cannabis resin, some of which appear to possess narcotic properties, others devoid of euphoric activity.

Huarpes by Bauty Chaile on Prezi

These effects are due to the freshly calcined lime. Then the sorcerer blows a little of the powder through a reed The earliest detailed scientific report is that given by the British botanical explorer Spruce who met with the drug indiow the Guahibo Indians of the Orinoco basin of Colombia and Venezuela.

In certain areas of the northwest Amazon, coca-powder Erythroxylon Coca is snuffed.

Sophora secundiflora is a beautiful shrub – often planted as an ornamental in Texas – with leathery, evergreen leaflets and large inflorescences of violet or violet-blue flowers and woody legumes containing usually huaarpes or four beans. In Thebes, it was made into a drink with opium-like properties. Carpet weed family Aizoaceae Mesembryanthemum spp.

Hashish, the resin from pistillate flowers, is eaten by millions, especially in Moslem areas of North Africa and the Near East. In India, Pancraetium triflorum may sometimes appear in markets as an adulterant of the medicinal Urginea. Virola -snuff was first described in detail and identified as to species in from ethnobotanical field studies in Amazonian Colombia. Other Anadenanthera species It was Safford apparently who first suggested that species of Anadenanthera other than A.


Recent analyses of carefully authenticated and identified material, however, has shown that other tryptamine derivatives are present in the seeds of Anadenanthera peregrina: The term vilca in modern Peru sometimes refers to Anadenanthera colubrinaalthough this or similar names signify a number of different plants in South America. The Sanskrit Zend-Avesta first menti0ned its intoxicating resin in B.

Amongst the Kung tribe of Bushmen in Dobe, Botswana, this bulbous perennial, known locally as kwashiis said to have psychoactive properties. The binomial Cannabis indica is, however, frequently employed as though it represented a species-concept distinct from C.

At one time, it was felt that the central nervous activity of yopo-snuff was due mainly, if not wholly, to 5-hydroxy-N, N-dimethyltryptamine or bufotenine. There is, apparently, no record of the hallucinogenic use of Genista canariensis in the Old World.

The plant kingdom and hallucinogens (part II)

Although the evidence is wholly circumstantial and often rather weak at that, several species or varieties of Anadenanthera may actually be involved in the numerous isolated localities in central and southern South America where snuff was employed amongst the Indians. Inasmuch as Cannabis represents one of the hallucinogens most widely recognized – even though very imperfectly understood – in modern times, I have resolved to present this obviously brief and superficial discussion and to concentrate on many of the more poorly known or even unknown psychotomimetics utilized in distant and isolated regions by peoples seldom in the attention of the mainstream of society.

Botanists cannot accept true varieties within Cannabis sativa simply because they cannot define them; and even agricultural and horticultural specialists who often recognize them as true species or varieties admit that they are not stable.

Flourishing especially in disturbed, nitrogen-rich wastelands near human habitation, it occurs widely in temperate and hot drier areas of both hemispheres and seems to be unhappy only in the coldest zones and the hottest humid tropics. The rhizome, mixed with hjarpes, is employed in the Philippines as a cicatrizant and applied to boils and furuncles to bring them to a head. E loro lo fecero, per salvare la huqrpes vita, almeno in superficie. Safrole and elemicine have also been suggested as active agents in nutmeg seed, although no tests on the psychopharmacological effects of these two constituents have been conducted on which to base such a suggestion.