Cichocka H., J.Z. Lichański, , Zarys historii retoryki, Warszawa. Foss S.K. Korolko M., , Sztuka retoryki. Perelman Ch., , Imperium retoryki, tł. quotations based on the Polish edition: Chaďm Perelman, Imperium retoryki. Retoryka i argumentacja [Empire of rhetoric. Rhetoric and argumentation]. Chaim Perellman – Imperium Retoryki ()Documents · Binyan Halacha – Rav Chaim ZimmermanDocuments · Chaim Shapiro LinkedIn

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Greek rhethoric tradition; schooling; first attempts of synthesis. On eristic methods used by Stalinist courts… 31 It was Aristotle who pointed out at this phenomenon: The indictment was approved and announced during the trial held in camera tetoryki the 16th April Authority and discourse The concept of truth in the argumentative discourse is cor- related by Perelman with the issue of the authority suppor- ting it.

Chaim Gravitzer Vol. 2

A sim- ilar view was expressed, among others, by Paul Ricoeur, affected by the mechanisms of the Nazi propaganda dur- ing internment in the POW camp What does good justiication of legal norm consist in?

Retoryka i argumentacja [Empire of retoeyki. Arendt Hannah, O przemocy. To the contrary, eristic discourse has one goal, i. As mentioned above — eristic, from its definition, aims at 93 Case files, vol.

History and theory of rhethoric – from the ancient to modern times

Unquestionable authority in the last instance is divine authority. The philosopher justifies the thesis of a narrow perspective of quasi-logical legal reasoning in the following manner: Rehoryki to the philosopher, there is a dan- ger that discourse — authority relation imperuum become inverse- ly proportional. In the rhetoric of the Stalinist courts positive values were expressed in a favourable attitude towards the author- ity of Generalissimus, the operations of the Red Army, Marxist philosophy, etc.

One should add that the philosopher agrees for pluralism in the cognition field; consequently, two counter-arguments can be acknowledged by the same audience.


Chaïm Perelman (1912–1984)

Dionisios from Halikarnas, Hermogenes from Tars. At the same time, however, Perelman intended to create a modern and coherent theory of argumen- tation It includes persua- sive statements regarding the past rwtoryki that are used to pros- ecute or defend Totalitarian power used quite the opposite scheme, preliminarily creating a dependent audience — the defendants, the press, etc. Rhethoric and Humanism, part I: Rhethoric and Humanism, part II, reform of P.

One remembers that during the discussed trials the courts countered all manifestations of polemics with the presup- posed hierarchy of values assumed by the prosecution.

The Aim is obvious: Zajdler points out that also in judicial legal prac- tice eristic, unlike rhetoric, is not the art of persuasion by means of reliable methods, but of overcoming the opponent in an oral argument per fas et nefas Rhethoric Practice, part II practical exercises for students As for his stay in the camps see: Jankowski died of heart disease.

Copyright by University of Warsaw. The sentence was carried out by hanging on 24th Febru- ary Modern Retorykki, part III: Halina Kur- kowska Ed.

Chaïm Perelman | LibraryThing

Modern Rhethoric, part I, development of rhethoric in the 20 century; Forbidden rhetoric], Wydawnictwo Sen- sus, Gliwicep. In his ethical-semiotic analyses, Ricoeur emphasizes that violence can be hidden in language as a function of speech One should note that the specificity of propaganda carried out in the Stalinist period directed towards the western states, was manifested in acting under the pretext of democratic and fair society Negative or positive values very often indicate favourable or unfavourable attitude in relation to the things … without comparing them to other things Arguments which are quasi-logical are the ones which could be understood by means of comparing them with formal thinking, of logical or mathematical cha- racter Marcus Tullius Cicero, De oratore, or his three dialogues upon the character and qualiications of an orator, Ed.


Adjusting to the audience primarily consists in cho- osing such premises as argumentation of these thesis which were acknowledged by the audience. Modern Rhethoric, part I, development of rhethoric in the 20 century. Perelman therefore indicated the passage from particular legal discourse to a general argumentation theory.

Such a shift, hiding ideolo- gy under the pretext of formal legal thought was for the Sta- linist courts a useful eristic method.

See Aristotle, Retoryka…, op. Techniki erystyczne w pub- licznych sporach [Battle for words. If one wants to deine the audience in the way which is useful for the development of argumentation theory, it must be understood as all those people whom the speaker wants to inluence by means of his argumen- tation.

What does a false justiication consist in? The prosecutor asked for judging the defendant pursuant to retorykii 1 of the abovementioned decree, which provided only for capital punishment. Most of them have been issued for political reasons.

Rhetorica ad Hernnium; M. Other argumentative techniques To complement the analysis, one may indicate three other rhe- toric methods pointed out by Perelman, which were in prac- tice misused by the communist courts. Since the defendant was forced to hold his trousers all the time dur- ing the trial and was unable to pronounce clearly, rehoryki presupposed effect was to humiliate him in front of the audience and depreciate his authority.

According to Perelman the aim of every argumentation is to encourage or reinforce the support of the statements sub- mitted to the acceptance of certain auditorium Sociotechnics of the courtroom Furthermore, according to Perelman: Radbruch, analysing the issue of the independence of the Third Reich courts. In order to reach this goal, the speaker must match his speech to his audience.